LOCALSTACK

免费使用公有云服务

[TOC] AWS领先的设计理念和强大的技术生态 使你身陷其中,学习你要用它,开发你要 用它,上线还要用它。 一年下来项目还没有 正式商用,已经有十几万的研发费用。 今天向你推荐 localstack(与openstack啥关系?私有云+公有云), 让你使用AWS免费,至少在项目POC或开发测试阶段免费。 有了它, 你不用再焦急的等待老板审批公有云的 计算,存储,数据库资源开发申请。 是不是这个项目听起来很激动? 那如何使用localstack呢? 安装localstack localstack是一个非常活跃的正在快速成长中的项目, 建议通过源代码安装 下载源代码 git clone [email protected]:localstack/localstack.git git fetch --all git checkout tags/v0.10.3 -b v0.10.3 启用需要使用的AWS服务 修改配置文件,启用你需要使用的AWS服务:ec2,s3,iot,kafka等。 注意服务的名字必须来自服务名字列表, 否则不识别 启用服务就是修改下边的配置文件 localstack\docker-compose.yml SERVICES=${SERVICES-ec2,ecs,stepfunctions,iam,lambda,dynamodb,apigateway,s3,sns} DATA_DIR=${DATA_DIR-/tmp/localstack/data } volumes: - "${TMPDIR:-d:/tmp/localstack}:/tmp/localstack" make sure driver D is shared in docker desktop daemon docker-compose up localstack_1 | Starting mock S3 (http port 4572)... localstack_1 | Starting mock SNS (http port 4575).

函数+网关

运行环境 terraform -v Terraform v0.12.16 + provider.aws v2.39.0 创建函数 main.js 'use strict' exports.handler = function(event, context, callback) { var response = { statusCode: 200, headers: { 'Content-Type': 'text/html; charset=utf-8' }, body: '<p>Hello world!</p>' } callback(null, response) } zip ../example.zip main.js 上传 awslocal s3api create-bucket --bucket=terraform-serverless-example awslocal s3 cp example.zip s3://terraform-serverless-example/v1.0.0/example.zip 创建资源 lambda.tf resource "aws_lambda_function" "example" { function_name = "ServerlessExample" # The bucket name as created earlier with "aws s3api create-bucket" s3_bucket = "terraform-serverless-example" s3_key = "v1.

基于local stack的本地S3对象创建通知

get s3 object creation notification create queue awslocal s3 mb s3://localstack awslocal sqs create-queue --queue-name localstack get queue arn awslocal sqs get-queue-attributes --queue-url http://localhost:4576/queue/localstack --attribute-names All { "Attributes": { "ApproximateNumberOfMessagesNotVisible": "0", "ApproximateNumberOfMessagesDelayed": "0", "CreatedTimestamp": "1574152022", "ApproximateNumberOfMessages": "1", "ReceiveMessageWaitTimeSeconds": "0", "DelaySeconds": "0", "VisibilityTimeout": "30", "LastModifiedTimestamp": "1574152022", "QueueArn": "arn:aws:sqs:us-east-1:000000000000:localstack" } } create s3 notification config cat notification.json { "QueueConfigurations": [ { "QueueArn": "arn:aws:sqs:local:000000000000:localstack", "Events": [ "s3:ObjectCreated:*" ] } ] } make notification effect awslocal s3api put-bucket-notification-configuration --bucket localstack --notification-configuration file://notification.

Aws Log

AWS Lambda By default, all native logs within a Lambda function are stored in the function execution result within Lambda. Additionally, if you would like to review log information immediately after executing a function, invoking the Lambda function with the LogType parameter will retrieve the last 4KB of log data generated by the function. This information is returned in the x-amz-log-results header in the HTTP response. While these methods are great ways to test and debug issues associated with individual function calls, they do not do much by way of analysis or alerting.

基于Localstack的函数计算开发应用列表

serverless install -u https://github.com/serverless/examples/tree/master/aws-node-upload-to-s3-and-postprocess -n aws-node-upload-to-s3-and-postprocess sls deploy -s local awslocal logs describe-log-groups { "logGroups": [ { "arn": "arn:aws:logs:us-east-1:1:log-group:/aws/lambda/uload-local-postprocess", "creationTime": 1573867924377.624, "metricFilterCount": 0, "logGroupName": "/aws/lambda/upload-local-postprocess", "storedBytes": 0 } ] } awslocal logs describe-log-streams --log-group-name /aws/lambda/uload-local-postprocess { "logStreams": [] } serverless install -u https://github.com/serverless/examples/tree/master/aws-node-s3-file-replicator -n aws-node-s3-file-replicator sls deploy -s local awslocal s3api get-bucket-notification-configuration --bucket bbbb awslocal s3api get-bucket-acl --bucket output-bucket-12345 lambda_function.py import json def my_handler(event, context): print("Received event: " + json.

基于Localstack的Serverless框架本地集成

install nodejs install serverless npm install -g serverless npm install serverless-localstack check serverless version serverless -v Framework Core: 1.57.0 Plugin: 3.2.3 SDK: 2.2.1 Components Core: 1.1.2 Components CLI: 1.4.0 create serverless function serverless create --template aws-nodejs --path my-service cd my-service serverless.yml functions: hello: handler: handler.hello events: - http: path: ping method: get plugins: - serverless-localstack custom: localstack: debug: true stages: - local - dev host: http://localhost endpoints: S3: http://localhost:4572 DynamoDB: http://localhost:4570 CloudFormation: http://localhost:4581 Elasticsearch: http://localhost:4571 ES: http://localhost:4578 SNS: http://localhost:4575 SQS: http://localhost:4576 Lambda: http://localhost:4574 Kinesis: http://localhost:4568 APIGateway: http://localhost:4567 CloudWatch: http://localhost:4582 CloudWatchLogs: http://localhost:4586 CloudWatchEvents: http://localhost:4587 deploy redeploy if all Functions, Events or Resources

Aws Lambda Notes

事件 事件源发送的事件是JSON格式,LAMBDA运行时把原始JSON事件转换为 对象并发送给函数代码。 事件的结构和内容由事件源决定 支持事件源的服务 Kinesis DynamoDB Simple Queue Service 权限 通过权限策略(permissions policy)来管理IAM用户,组或者角色对lambda API和资源(函数或函数层)访问权限。 权限策略也可以授权给资源本身,让资源或服务访问lambda。 每一个lamdba函数都有一个执行角色(execution role), 该角色授权lamdba函数 本身对其他资源和服务的访问。执行角色至少包含对CLOUDWATCH日志的访问权限。 lambda也通过执行角色请求对事件源的读取权限。 资源 函数 版本 别名 层级 举例:授权SNS 调用 my-function aws lambda add-permission --function-name my-function --action lambda:InvokeFunction --statement-id sns \ > --principal sns.amazonaws.com --output text {"Sid":"sns","Effect":"Allow","Principal":{"Service":"sns.amazonaws.com"},"Action":"lambda:InvokeFunction","Resource":"arn:aws:lambda:ap-northeast-1:465691908928:function:my-function"} serveless backend Lambda allows to trigger execution of code in response to events in AWS, enabling serverless backend solutions. The Lambda Function itself includes source code

Aws S3 Upload With Localstack

https://github.com/wubigo/localstack-examples

基于Localstack的本地Lambda开发

Create function index.js exports.handler = async function(event, context) { console.log("ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES\n" + JSON.stringify(process.env, null, 2)) console.log("EVENT\n" + JSON.stringify(event, null, 2)) return context.logStreamName } 打包 zip function.zip index.js aws lambda create-function --function-name my-function --zip-file fileb://function.zip --handler index.handler --runtime nodejs10.x --role arn:aws:iam::123456789012:role/lambda-cli-role --endpoint-url=http://localhost:4574 aws lambda get-function --function-name my-function --endpoint-url=http://localhost:4574 { "Code": { "Location": "http://localhost:4574/2015-03-31/functions/my-function/code" }, "Configuration": { "TracingConfig": { "Mode": "PassThrough" }, "Version": "$LATEST", "CodeSha256": "3d149vplmMjIEgZuPhQgnFJ+tndL4I9D11GL1qdgT6M=", "FunctionName": "my-function", "LastModified": "2019-09-29T01:16:43.

基于local stack的Step Function本地化开发

安装AWS CLI (venv) d:\code\venv>pip install awscli pip install awscli-local awslocal = aws –endpoint-url=http://localhost: 可以安装到系统环境 配置AWS CLI (venv) d:\code\venv>aws configure AWS Access Key ID [None]: any-id-is-ok AWS Secret Access Key [None]: fake-key Default region name [local]: local Default output format [None]: 命令行自动完成 $which aws_completer ~/code/venv/bin/aws_completer tee ~/.bashrc <<-'EOF' complete -C '~/code/venv/bin/aws_completer' aws EOF 安装AWS SAM CLI (venv) d:\code>pip install aws-sam-cli (venv) d:\code>sam --version SAM CLI, version 0.

基于Localstack的本地云服务编排

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/44547574/create-api-gateway-in-localstack/48682628 https://github.com/localstack/localstack/issues/632 AWS SAM is an extension for the AWS CloudFormation template language that lets you define serverless applications at a higher level localstack default regrion us-east-1 create stack file path has to be in file URL format(file:///home/user/…) func.yaml AWSTemplateFormatVersion: '2010-09-09' Description: Simple CloudFormation Test Template Resources: S3Bucket: Type: AWS::S3::Bucket Properties: AccessControl: PublicRead BucketName: test-bucket-1 aws cloudformation create-stack --stack-name funstack --template-body file:///data/func.yaml --endpoint-url=http://localhost:4581 --region us-east-1 aws cloudformation describe-stacks --endpoint-url=http://localhost:4581 --region us-east-1

AWS云服务免费额度列表

AWS免费类型 首次注册后的12个月免费 永久免费 试用 aws永久免费的服务 计算服务 Lambda 1百万请求/月 400,000 GB-seconds of compute time per month Step 4000/月 存储 DynamoDB 25GB S3 The S3 free tier allows users to store 5 GB of data with standard storage, issue 20,000 GET requests and 2,000 PUT requests, and transfer 15 GB of data out each month Glacier 10GB

Terraform Notes

前提条件 配置AWS aws configure list Name Value Type Location ---- ----- ---- -------- profile <not set> None None access_key ****************s-ok shared-credentials-file secret_key ****************-key shared-credentials-file region local config-file ~/.aws/config ~/.aws/config [default] output = json region = local ~/.aws/credentials [default] aws_access_key_id = any-id-is-ok aws_secret_access_key = fake-key 启动aws本地服务 localstack start 创建EC2 配置 mkdir ec2 cd ec2 touch ec2.tf ec2.tf provider "aws" { profile = "default" region = "us-east-1" endpoints { ec2 = "http://localhost:4597" sts = "http://localhost:4592" } } resource "aws_instance" "example" { ami = "ami-2757f631" instance_type = "t2.